Understanding OSHA working alone laws: A comprehensive guide

With our guide on OSHA working alone laws. Learn about employer responsibilities, employee rights, risk assessments, and creating a safety policy to help save lives.



Prioritizing the well-being and safety of individuals is inherent to human nature. Whether they are friends, family members, or employees, their welfare should always take precedence, irrespective of legal obligations. Nonetheless, there are instances where businesses may not prioritize this fundamental responsibility, leading to unfortunate incidents in the absence of professional guidance and oversight. This is where the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) steps in, applying its authority to enforce regulations that safeguard workers across various industries.

As an employer, comprehending and building processes to comply with OSHA laws about working alone is what can set a safe workplace apart from a potentially hazardous one.

Failure to comply with OSHA regulations can result in severe consequences, such as:

  1. Monetary fines (As of 2023, non-compliance penalties by OSHA can lead to substantial consequences. Fines for a single violation have been known to  escalate up to $156,259)
  2. Legal battles.
  3. Reputational damage and loss of talent.

By familiarizing yourself with the specific laws pertaining to employees working alone, you can proactively identify risks and implement effective safety measures. This proactive approach not only ensures the well-being of your workforce but also helps protect your company from negative consequences.

Throughout this guide, we will delve into various aspects of OSHA laws about working alone. Discover how you can ensure the safety of your employees, regardless of their working conditions. Together, we can pave the way toward a safer and more productive future.

Understanding 'working alone' in the context of OSHA

OSHA laws about working alone play a crucial role in protecting the well-being of employees. But what exactly does it mean to work alone according to OSHA regulations? Working alone refers to situations where employees perform their tasks or duties without direct or immediate supervision or assistance.

Take, for instance, the linemen and electricians who diligently restore powerlines in remote locations, the compassionate homecare professionals who tirelessly attend to individuals unable to leave their homes, and the dedicated paramedics who swiftly navigate from one emergency situation to another.

Working alone carries inherent risks and challenges that need to be carefully managed. Any employee can face potential hazards, such as accidents, injuries, or medical emergencies, but without others nearby to hear or assist, they may go unnoticed or be assisted for prolonged periods, resulting in worst-case scenarios.

To ensure the safety of employees working alone, you must establish comprehensive safety protocols and procedures. This may involve implementing safety policies, providing training on emergency response, and equipping employees with appropriate safety solutions.

Key OSHA regulations about working alone

When it comes to ensuring workplace safety, OSHA laws about working alone encompass several necessary regulations that employers must understand and follow. These regulations aim to protect lone workers from potential hazards and promote a safe working environment:

  • OSHA 1915.84: Working alone.
    • 1915.84(a) Except as provided in § 1915.51(c)(3) of this part, whenever an employee is working alone, such as in a confined space or isolated location, the employer shall account for each employee:
    • 1915.84(a)(1) Throughout each work shift at regular intervals appropriate to the job assignment to ensure the employee's safety and health; and
    • 1915.84(a)(2) At the end of the job assignment or at the end of the work shift, whichever occurs first.
    • 1915.84(b) The employer shall account for each employee by sight or verbal communication.

Based on these guidelines, you have a responsibility to consistently monitor the well-being of your lone employees through observation or verbal communication. To effectively ensure the well-being of lone employees, it is important to establish check-in schedules, develop comprehensive safety policies, and adopt relevant safety solutions.

  • OSHA Section 5(a)(1): General Duty Clause 
    • (a) Each employer -- 
      • (1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees;
      • (2) shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act.
    • (b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations, and orders issued pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.

In the case of lone workers who operate in settings prone to unforeseen hazards, you can comply with this by consistently communicating with your employees, establishing user-friendly reporting and communication protocols, and regularly revising risk assessments and policies pertaining to lone workers to account for emerging and evolving hazards.

It is crucial to recognize that the specific regulations pertaining to working alone may vary depending on the nature of the industry and the tasks being performed. Therefore, conducting a comprehensive risk assessment and consulting relevant OSHA guidelines specific to the industry is essential.

Conducting lone worker risk assessments

Conducting thorough lone worker risk assessments is a critical step in ensuring the safety and well-being of your employees. A risk assessment is often defined as a systematic evaluation of the potential hazards and risks associated with solitary work, aiming to identify and mitigate any dangers that could compromise the lone worker's safety.

Based on a report from the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2021, it was revealed that there are approximately two million deaths related to work annually on a global scale. Additionally, there have been reports of half a billion cases of nonfatal injuries and illnesses caused by occupational hazards. Even more shocking is that the majority of these incidents are avoidable and could be averted through the implementation of effective control measures such as a risk assessment.

So how is it done? To begin, it is a good idea to gather a team of knowledgeable individuals, including lone workers themselves, supervisors, and safety professionals. Once you have this range of input, follow these steps: 

  • Identify potential hazards: Begin by identifying various hazards that could be present in the environment. These hazards may include physical elements such as machinery and equipment, environmental factors like extreme temperatures or exposure to hazardous substances, and social risks such as violence or assault.
  • Assess risk levels: Evaluate the level of risk associated with each identified hazard. Consider both the likelihood of the hazard occurring and the potential severity of its consequences. This assessment will enable you to prioritize hazards that require immediate attention and allocate resources to mitigate them accordingly.
  • Implement risk mitigation measures: Take action to mitigate the identified hazards. This can involve implementing measures such as providing personal protective equipment (PPE), establishing safe work procedures, or delivering training to lone workers. 
  • Regularly review and update: Continuously review the risk assessment taking into account any changes in work procedures or the introduction of new hazards. Additionally, foster open communication channels with lone workers, encouraging them to report concerns and suggest improvements to enhance their safety further. 

Creating a lone worker safety policy

The importance of a lone worker safety policy cannot be overstated. It sets the foundation for a safe work environment, outlines expectations, and helps establish a culture of safety. 

The key components that your policy ought to include are:

  • A risk assessment
  • Communication protocols
  • Emergency response procedures
  • Training requirements 
  • Reporting protocols

To effectively communicate and enforce the policy, it is essential to involve all stakeholders, including management, supervisors, and lone workers themselves. Clearly outline roles and responsibilities, ensuring everyone understands their obligations to maintain a safe work environment for lone workers. 

Lone workers should be encouraged to report any safety concerns or incidents promptly. Implement regular check-ins and establish effective channels for communication and assistance, such as safety solutions, SOS alerts, or location monitoring systems. 

Finally, enforcement of the policy is vital to ensuring its effectiveness. Consistently monitor compliance, provide feedback, and reward employees based on their safety performance. Regularly review and update the policy to reflect changes in technology, industry best practices, and evolving OSHA laws.



Embracing safety: Implementing OSHA guidelines for lone workers

Adhering to OSHA guidelines helps you mitigate risks, protect lone workers, and reduce legal exposure. By implementing tailored safety measures for lone workers and staying updated on OSHA regulations and best practices, you invest in workplace safety, which in turn enhances productivity and reputation through a culture of safety.

Leverage technology

By adopting Aware360's SafetyAware lone and at-risk worker safety solution, you experience the power of advanced technologies and innovative features. Our comprehensive solution set includes a range of safety devices, all boasting a host of people-first capabilities. By investing in our solutions, you not only adhere to the latest safety rules and regulations but also prioritize the well-being of your lone workers leveraging the most effective solutions on the market.

Take the first step towards creating a safer working environment for all by booking a meeting with us. Together, we can save lives.




What does OSHA say about working alone?

Employers must ensure that lone employees are regularly accounted for by sight or verbal communication. The General Duty Clause requires employers to make a reasonable effort to ensure that all employees, including those working alone, do not encounter workplace hazards.

How can employers ensure compliance with OSHA laws about working alone?

To ensure compliance, employers should carry out the following steps:

  1. Conduct a risk assessment
  2. Establish safety policies
  3. Provide adequate training
  4. Implement emergency protocols
  5. Conduct safety inspections
  6. Monitor compliance
  7. Maintain thorough documentation
  8. Seek legal guidance as needed

Meet with our experts and learn how we can support your organization’s safety culture

Similar posts